What is a Frontend Framework?
Well, Frontend frameworks are the pioneer blocks of the software development process. But there are so many options to choose from when it comes to building visually appealing apps that rank high on user experience.
Basically, these are packages containing pre-written, standardized code in files and folders. They give you a base to build on while still allowing flexibility with the final design. Typically, front-end frameworks contain the following components:
- A grid that makes it simple to organize the design elements of your website
- Defined font styles and sizing that varies based on its function (different typography for headings versus paragraphs, etc.)
- Pre-built website components like side panels, buttons, and navigation bars, and many more.
Which is the best frontend framework?
Following is the graph showing the state based on Gitstars per month in the year 2020.
So, as we can see, the top 3 frontend frameworks are React, Vue, and Angular. While we can not ignore the new faces like alpine, and svelte, as they are performing very well. Now, let’s dive deep into the best frontend frameworks in 2021.
Following are the most demanded and used frontend frameworks in 2020. Have a look.
- Uses virtual DOM.
- VueJS offers HTML templates that do the binding with DOM to the instance data of Vue.
- The data binding feature in Vue enables the process of manipulation and assigning values to HTML attributes, changing of style, assigning classes, etc.
- Components are one of the key aspects of VueJS that helps build custom elements that you can reuse in HTML.
- V-on is the attribute that has been incorporated with the DOM elements to listen to events in VueJS.
- Extensive and detailed documentation
- Flexibility to design the app structure
- Typescript support
React is the most in-demand front-end framework. The popularity of this best frontend framework is increasing rapidly. The potential to utilize it for native development comes amongst the key benefits of React. Besides, what makes it most desirable is, broad community, Facebook support, improved efficiency, saturated environments, and reusable components are the key reasons behind React’s success. React is ideal for building SPA or cross-platform applications and designing small business applications. Thus, React is the best frontend Framework. You can also check some ReactJS UI frameworks
Features of ReactJS
- React develops a high-quality user interface for most of the devices.
- It makes use of a unidirectional data flow.
- ReactJS makes use of the JSX file that allows the application easy to understand and code.
- It provides efficient performance as it manages a virtual DOM.
- Reusability of components
- Consistent and seamless performance with the use of virtual DOM
- The best alternative to writing components in React hooks
- It allows you to write components without classes and lets you learn React more easily
- The two-way data-binding of AngularJS manages the synchronization between the DOM and the model, and vice versa.
- In AngularJS, templates are the rendered view with information from the controller and model.
- AngularJS offers a number of built-in services. For eg. to render an XMLHttpRequests, it uses HTTP.
- It has a built-in dependency injection that lets the developer simply build, comprehend, and evaluate applications.
- Has built-in directives.
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- Less code
- No virtual DOM
- Truly Reactive
- Better reactivity
- Faster than any other framework like Angular or React
- Latest of all
- Scalable framework
- Easy to get started with
Solid is built on fine-grained change detection the same fundamentals that KnockoutJS and MobX are built on. This is a development experience built on composable primitives. With a system like that there is no need for a Virtual DOM. In many ways, the Component boundaries are a de-optimization and these primitives can manage their own update cycles.
- Real DOM with fine-grained updates (No Virtual DOM)
- Declarative data
- Supports TypeScript.
- Web component friendly and can author Custom Elements
- Supports modern features like JSX, Fragments, Context
- It is fast.
- The bundle size is small.
- Easy to start with
Preact provides the thinnest possible Virtual DOM abstraction on top of the DOM. It builds on stable platform features, registers real event handlers, and plays nicely with other libraries. You can use it directly in the browser. Preact is fast, and not just because of its size. It’s one of the fastest Virtual DOM libraries out there, thanks to a simple and predictable different implementation.
- Familiar React API & patterns: ES6 Class, hooks, and Functional Components.
- Extensive React compatibility via a simple preact/compat alias.
- Everything you need: JSX, VDOM, DevTools, HMR, SSR.
- Highly optimized diff algorithm and seamless hydration from Server Side Rendering.
- Supports all modern browsers and IE11.
- Transparent asynchronous rendering with a pluggable scheduler.
- Instant production-grade app setup with Preact CLI.
- Performance: Render quickly & efficiently.
- Size: Small size, lightweight.
- Efficiency: Effective memory usage.
- Understandability: Understanding the codebase should take no more than a few hours.
- Compatibility: Preact aims to be largely compatible with the React API.
How to choose the right one?
Well, the front-end framework you choose can make or break your project in the long run. So, it is highly necessary to choose the right one. In order to pick the framework you have to check the following parameters:
- Availability of learning resources.
- Core features
- Ease of integration
Choosing the right frontend framework is one of the most important steps towards making your web project a success. Whether you are working on a small project or a large one, whether you are working solo or in a team, each of these details plays a vital role in determining which framework is the best for your project.
So, here was a detailed article on the best frontend framework to checkout in 2021. As per the trend, we can see that frameworks like React, Vue, and Angular remain at the top. Although, we have included some of the new but in-demand frontend frameworks like, Svelte, Preact, etc. which are growing rapidly.
Well, Over time, the frameworks that we have discussed in this article may evolve, their popularity may change, and the projects they are suitable for may change, but purpose behind this article is to give you a general sense of which frameworks are in demand.
Thus, after setting your priorities for the project, chose any of them as per your requirements. Also, don’t forget to tell us which one is the best frontend framework according to you..!!