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Top 10 Python Data Visualization Library To Use in 2024

python data visualization library

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What Is A Data Visualization Library?

Data visualization is the graphical representation of data to reveal patterns, trends, and insights. It transforms raw information into visual formats like charts or graphs, making complex data more understandable at a glance.

Well, A data visualization library is a tool that aids in the creation of graphical representations of data sets. It simplifies the process of turning raw data into understandable visual formats, such as charts, graphs, and maps. Besides, these libraries offer a range of customizable options, allowing users to present information in a visually appealing and comprehensible manner.

Popular examples include D3.js and Chart.js. Integrating such libraries enhances the ability to communicate complex data insights effectively.

Why Should You Use Data Visualization Library?

Utilizing a data visualization library is crucial for streamlining the presentation of complex data. Furthermore, these libraries, like D3.js or Chart.js, offer a user-friendly platform to create visually compelling representations such as charts and graphs.

They simplify the process of conveying information, making it more accessible and engaging for your audience. Incorporating a data visualization library not only enhances the aesthetic appeal of your data but also facilitates a quicker and more insightful understanding of patterns and trends within the information you are conveying.


  • Enhanced Communication
  • Efficient Insights
  • Customization Options
  • User-Friendly Interface
  • Interactivity

Parameters To Choose The Right Library

  • Compatibility: Ensure compatibility with your data sources and formats.
  • Chart Types: Evaluate available chart types to meet specific visualization needs.
  • Customization: Assess the level of customization offered for visual elements.
  • Ease of Use: Consider the library’s user interface for simplicity and efficiency.
  • Interactivity: Check for interactive features to enhance user engagement.
  • Community Support: Assess the library’s community support and updates.

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Best Python Data Visualization Library

A Python data visualization library is a tool or module that allows users to create graphical representations of data using the Python programming language for Python projects. Besides, these libraries provide functions and methods to generate various types of charts, graphs, and plots, making it easier for data scientists, analysts, and developers to visually explore and communicate insights from their data.

You may also find Python CLI Tools helpful to speed up your workflow. Now, let’s check some of the most popular data visualization libraries:

Diagram GitHub stars

Diagram Python Data Visualization Library

Diagrams let you draw the cloud system architecture in Python code. It was born for prototyping a new system architecture design without any design tools. Additionally, you can also describe or visualize the existing system architecture as well.

Moreover, Diagrams currently support major providers including AWS, Azure, GCP, Kubernetes, Alibaba Cloud, Oracle Cloud, etc. Besides, it also supports On-Premise nodes, SaaS, and major Programming frameworks and languages. Also, it allows you to track the architecture diagram changes in any version control system.


  • Python 3.7 or higher

Key Features:

  • Simple Syntax
  • Versatility
  • Python Integration
  • Clear Visualizations
  • Extensibility
  • Open Source
  • Documentation

Dash GitHub stars

Dash by Plotly is a Python data visualization library designed for building interactive web applications. Leveraging Python’s simplicity and Plotly’s robust charting capabilities, Dash also enables the creation of dynamic and interactive dashboards. Furthermore, it is the most downloaded, trusted Python framework for building ML & data science web apps.


  • Python 3.7 & Higher


  • Interactive Web Applications
  • Integration with Python
  • Declarative Syntax
  • Component-Based Structure
  • Robust Charting Capabilities
  • Dynamic Dashboards
  • Data-Driven Applications
What Makes It Awesome?
  • Developers can seamlessly integrate data visualizations, charts, and graphs into web applications using Python syntax. With its declarative syntax and component-based structure, Dash simplifies the process of developing complex and interactive data-driven applications, making it a powerful tool for those looking to enhance their web-based data visualization projects.

Matplotlib GitHub stars

Matplotlib Python data visualization library

Matplotlib, a widely used Python data visualization library, provides a versatile platform for creating static, animated, and interactive visualizations. Besides, with an extensive range of chart types and customization options, Matplotlib empowers users to generate publication-quality plots.


  • Python (>= 3.6)
  • FreeType (>= 2.3)
  • libpng (>= 1.2)
  • NumPy (>= 1.11)

Key Features:

  • Versatile visualization
  • Extensive chart types
  • Customization options
  • Integration with NumPy and Pandas
  • Publication-quality plots
  • Ease of use
What Makes It Awesome?
  • Its integration with NumPy and Pandas facilitates seamless data manipulation and visualization. Besides, Matplotlib’s rich functionality and ease of use make it a go-to choice for researchers, analysts, and developers seeking efficient and customizable data visualization solutions in the Python ecosystem. Therefore, you can definitely consider this library.

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Bokeh GitHub stars

Bokeh Python data visualization library

Bokeh is a Python library for creating interactive visualizations for modern web browsers. Besides, it also helps you build beautiful graphics, ranging from simple plots to complex dashboards with streaming datasets. With Bokeh, you can also create JavaScript-powered visualizations without writing any JavaScript yourself.

Additionally, it enables the creation of dynamic visualizations that can be easily embedded into web applications. Moreover, bokeh’s concise and expressive syntax simplifies the process of generating a variety of plots, from basic charts to complex dashboards. Thus, it is a good choice for a Python data visualization library.

Key Features:

  • Interactive and web-ready plots
  • Dynamic visualizations
  • Embeddable into web applications
  • Concise and expressive syntax
  • Integration with NumPy and Pandas
  • Supports a variety of plots
  • Browser-based interactivity
What Makes It Awesome?
  • It stands out for its interactive and web-ready plots. Besides, it enables the creation of dynamic visualizations that can be easily embedded into web applications. With seamless integration with NumPy and Pandas, Bokeh supports efficient data handling. Furthermore, its unique ability to produce interactive plots directly in web browsers makes it a preferred choice for developers and data scientists aiming to build compelling and interactive data visualizations in Python.

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Altair GitHub stars

Altair Python data visualization library

Vega-Altair is a declarative visualization library for Python. Besides, its simple, friendly, and consistent API, built on top of the powerful Vega-Lite grammar, empowers you to spend less time writing code and more time exploring your data. Furthermore, its simplicity and consistency make it an ideal choice for quick and effective exploration of data. Additionally, Altair’s seamless integration with Pandas data structures enhances data manipulation and analysis, making it a valuable tool for researchers and analysts.


  • Python 3.9 and higher


  • Declarative Syntax
  • Interactive Visualizations
  • Built on Vega-Lite and Vega Grammars
  • Clear and Intuitive Expressions
  • Seamless Integration with Pandas
  • Simplifies Data Exploration
  • Wide Range of Chart Generation
What Makes It Awesome?
  • Altair impresses with its simplicity and effectiveness. Its declarative syntax and integration with Vega-Lite make Python data visualization straightforward. Creating interactive visuals is a breeze, and seamless Pandas integration simplifies data manipulation. Besides, Altair’s awesome factor lies in its user-friendly approach, making complex dataset exploration easy and efficient.

Plotnine GitHub stars

Plotnine Python data visualization library

Plotnine is a Python data visualization library based on the Grammar of Graphics, providing an intuitive and expressive way to create appealing visualizations. Leveraging the power of ggplot2 from R, Plotninem also allows users to generate complex plots with minimal code. Furthermore, its syntax is concise and consistent, making it accessible for both beginners and experienced data scientists.


  • Python 3.8 & Higher


  • Grammar of Graphics Foundation
  • Based on ggplot2 from R
  • Intuitive and Expressive Syntax
  • Minimal Code for Complex Plots
  • Consistent and Concise
  • Seamless Integration with Pandas DataFrames
  • Focus on Clarity and Simplicity
What Makes It Awesome?
  • Plotnine seamlessly integrates with Pandas DataFrames, enhancing its functionality for data manipulation and analysis. Besides, with a focus on clarity and simplicity, Plotnine also stands out as a versatile and user-friendly tool for creating insightful visualizations in Python.

Pyqtgraph GitHub stars

Pyqtgraph Python data visualization library

PyQtGraph, a Python library, excels in real-time data visualization and interactive plot development. Additionally, with a focus on performance, it also provides fast and efficient rendering of complex datasets. Furthermore, PyQtGraph is particularly well-suited for scientific and engineering applications, allowing users to create visually appealing plots with minimal effort.


  • Python 3.6 and higher

Key Features:

  • Real-time Data Visualization
  • High-Performance Rendering
  • Ideal for Scientific and Engineering Applications
  • Interactive Plot Development
  • Minimal Effort for Visually Appealing Plots
  • Line and scatter plots
  • Data can be panned/scaled by a mouse
  • Fast drawing for real-time data display and interaction
  • Integration with PyQt for GUIs
  • Versatile and Speed-focused
What Makes It Awesome?
  • PyQtGraph excels in real-time data visualization with swift rendering, making it perfect for scientific applications. Besides, its seamless integration with PyQt allows the effortless creation of visually striking plots and interactive interfaces. Furthermore, the awesome factor lies in its high performance, versatility, and simplicity, making it an ideal choice for real-time data analysis in Python.

Bqplot GitHub stars

BqPlot Python data visualization library

Bqplot is a Python data visualization library designed for creating interactive and captivating visualizations in Jupyter Notebooks. Additionally, with an emphasis on interactivity, it also enables users to build complex and dynamic plots using a concise and declarative syntax. Furthermore, Bqplot seamlessly integrates with the Jupyter ecosystem, offering interactive widgets that enhance the user experience.


  • Python >=3.6


  • Interactive Visualizations for Jupyter Notebooks
  • Concise and Declarative Syntax
  • Seamless Integration with Jupyter Ecosystem
  • Dynamic and Captivating Plots
  • Interactive Widgets for Enhanced User Experience
  • Powered by D3.js for Versatility
  • Ideal for Data Exploration and Presentation
What Makes It Awesome?
  • Bqplot is awesome for Jupyter Notebooks, offering effortless creation of dynamic and interactive visualizations with concise syntax. Besides, its seamless integration with Jupyter, interactive widgets, and D3.js-powered versatility make it an ideal choice for enhancing data exploration and presentation in a user-friendly manner.

Pygal GitHub stars

Pygal Python data visualization library

Pygal, a Python data visualization library, stands out for its simplicity and versatility in generating various interactive and scalable charts. Besides, with an intuitive and concise syntax, Pygal also makes it easy for users to create visually appealing charts without extensive code. Furthermore, the library supports a wide range of chart types, including line, bar, and radar charts, allowing for diverse data representation.


  • Python 3.8 and higher

Key Features:

  • Simplicity and Versatility
  • Intuitive and Concise Syntax
  • Support for Interactive and Scalable Charts
  • Wide Range of Chart Types
  • SVG Output for Web Embedding
  • User-Friendly Interface
  • Powerful Data Visualization in Python
What Makes It Awesome?
  • Pygal’s SVG output makes the charts easily embeddable in web applications, contributing to its adaptability. Besides, its user-friendly approach and extensive chart options make Pygal a valuable tool for those seeking straightforward yet powerful data visualization capabilities in Python.

Cartopy GitHub stars

Cartopy Python data visualization library

Cartopy, a Python library, specializes in geospatial data visualization, providing a powerful toolkit for mapping and geospatial analysis. Besides, it comes with seamless integration with Matplotlib. Furthermore, it allows users to create visually compelling maps with ease. Additionally, its extensive support for different map projections and ability to overlay data on maps enhance its utility for scientific and environmental applications.


  • Python >=3.9

Key Features:

  • Seamless Matplotlib Integration
  • Geospatial Data Visualization
  • Support for Various Map Projections
  • Overlay Data on Maps
  • Simplifies Geographical Data Representation
  • Ideal for Scientific and Environmental Analysis
  • Versatile Toolkit for Python Mapping
What Makes It Awesome?
  • Cartopy simplifies the representation of geographical data, making it accessible for researchers, scientists, and analysts working with spatial datasets. Besides, its versatility, combined with the simplicity of Matplotlib integration, positions Cartopy as a valuable tool for those engaged in geospatial data visualization and analysis in Python.

How To Use Python For Data Visualization?

Python has now emerged as the go-to language in data science, and it is one of the essential skills required in data science. Python libraries for data visualization are designed with their specifications.

Following are the steps to use Python for data visualization.

Install Python and Required Libraries:

  • Ensure Python is installed on your system.
  • Install popular data visualization libraries like Matplotlib, Seaborn, Plotly, or others using package managers like Pip.

Importing Library

  • This is an important step as a perfect and clean dataset is required for distinct and perfect data visualization.

Prepare Your Data:

  • Load or generate the data you want to visualize. Libraries often work seamlessly with data structures like NumPy arrays or Pandas DataFrames.

Create Basic Plots:

  • Use the library’s functions to create basic plots.

Customize Your Visualization:

  • Add labels, titles, and legends, and customize the appearance of your plot. Depending on your needs, explore more advanced visualizations like scatter plots, bar charts, histograms, or interactive plots using specific library functions.

Experiment with Other Libraries:

  • Explore other libraries like Plotly for interactive plots, Altair for declarative syntax, or specific libraries like Cartopy for geospatial visualizations.

By following these steps, you can harness the power of Python for effective data visualization, whether it’s for exploratory data analysis, presentations, or interactive web applications.

To make sure your project is working fine in every means, always use the best Python Testing Framework along with the Python Debugger.


In conclusion, the array of Python data visualization libraries offers a diverse toolkit catering to different needs and preferences.

From the simplicity and versatility of Pygal to the geospatial prowess of Cartopy, these libraries empower users to create impactful visualizations. Whether it’s the interactivity of Bqplot or the real-time capabilities of PyQtGraph, each library brings unique strengths to the table. Altair stands out for its declarative syntax, while Dash by Plotly excels in building interactive web applications. The concise syntax and versatility of Plotnine, the real-time capabilities of PyQtGraph, and the simplicity of Matplotlib showcase the richness and flexibility of the Python data visualization ecosystem.

Ultimately, the choice of a library depends on specific requirements, making this diverse collection a testament to the adaptability and power of Python in the realm of data visualization.

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