Want to pursue your career as a fullstack web developer? Then here are the skills you are gonna require. Check this article on full stack web developer skills to learn in 2021.
What is a Full Stack Developer?
It is a multifaceted role that will require the person to handle the front end, back end, software development, and even database management of a web application. They ensure the ease of jumping from coding languages and across technologies.
In short, a full-stack developer possesses skills and experience that make them valuable across technological platforms.
Why become a full-stack developer?
As the year progresses, so does the technology. Today most companies are more concerned with leaving a digital footprint than a carbon footprint.
The role of a full stack developer handles a myriad of developments that ensure the company stays on track. It comes with its share of advantages and disadvantages.
- A Full Stack Developer Skills will add to your profile. These skills span across numerous domains and fields.
- The profile ensures you are versatile and will add value to your position in a company.
- This knowledge that spans across fields will help you grow a broader and more progressive mindset.
- This one-person job will help the company reduce costs.
- They make for excellent team leaders as you will have a vast knowledge of web development.
- You can choose to broaden your horizons using your Full Stack Web Developer Skills and become an entrepreneur in the future.
Now, let’s begin the list…!!
While HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. HTML is used for adding web content, and CSS is a personalization tool for designing and styling a website. Both HTML and CSS determine the look and feel of a website, which ultimately plays a major role in attracting prospective customers.
Full Stack Developers have to work with HTML to define the structure of web pages by using markup. They must also be proficient in CSS for effective presentation of the HTML elements. Full Stack Developers must have extensive knowledge in both of these programming languages for creating an interactive, intuitive, and engaging frontend for applications.
You can check Vuexy VueJS Admin Template, for instance, It is based on the popular JS Framework VueJS. It is the most developer-friendly & highly customizable Admin Template. You can use this template while working on the next project.
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- Bootstrap 4.5.3 🔥
- Laravel 8 🤩
- Sketch & Figma files added
Git and GitHub
Every developer, as well as aspiring developers, has heard of Git and GitHub. Git is an open-source “distributed version control system” that can handle all your development needs. It promises speed and efficiency for both small and large-scale projects. With Git, developers can seamlessly manage all the changes made to applications, codes, websites, documents, and other information associated with software/application development. Professional developers usually have a GitHub profile, which is compulsory if working in a team.
As for Full Stack Developers, Git allows them to track every minor modification done to the application codebase. They must be aware of all the basic Git commands and examples. Using Git empowers Full Stack Developers to explore unique opportunities for security, productivity, and management. Knowledge of Git allows Full Stack Developers to better collaborate and cooperate with their fellow developers/programmers who are working on the same project.
A Full Stack Developer must know at least a few of these languages for backend development:
- PHP – One of the most popular choices for backend development, PHP is an open-source, cross-platform compatible language that can work seamlessly on Unix, macOS, and Windows.
- Python – Python’s English-like syntax, smooth learning curve, and vast assortment of libraries and frameworks are what make it extremely popular among developers and coders around the world.
- Ruby – Ruby is a robust programming language. An active community of developers backs it, but it also boasts of excellent documentation and dependencies, making it the ideal choice for backend development.
- Java – Java is a multipurpose programming language. It can be used for web, desktop, and mobile application development. Plus, Java has a wide range of frameworks that further simplify the process of backend development.
Full Stack Developers are the wizards of software development. They are equipped with multiple skills pertaining to both frontend and backend development.
Full Stack Developers need to know the nitty-gritty of web architecture. Since their primary responsibility is to develop complex software applications from scratch, they must know how to structure the code, categorize the files, structure the data in databases, and perform the necessary computational tasks. Read more on Web development project ideas.
HTTP and REST
Both HTTP and REST serve two unique purposes. HTTP is the protocol used for facilitating communication with the client, whereas REST is an interface between systems using the HTTP protocol to gather data or perform different operations (in various formats) on the data. So, REST acts like a translator between the frontend and the backend.
Since HTTP and REST are necessary for Full Stack development, Full Stack Developers must master both.
All web applications need a database where all the data will be stored. This is to ensure that developers can access the data later. Database storage calls for an experienced and skilled Full Stack Developer who knows relational databases and database storage inside-out. Full-stack developers must be adept in database management – they should be able to design, understand, and manipulate database queries. They must also know how to work with XML and JSON.
Things that a Full Stack Developer must know concerning database storage and management:
- Characteristics of relational/non-relational data.
- Knowledge of NoSQL databases.
- Knowledge of web storage.
Following are some of the best databases you must learn
Relational databases: Within the tables, data is stored in rows and columns. The relational database management system (RDBMS) is the program that allows you to create, update, and administer a relational database. Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle Database, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and IBM Db2 are examples of rational databases.
NoSQL: NoSQL databases (aka “not only SQL”) are non-tabular, and store data differently than relational tables. NoSQL databases come in a variety of types based on their data model. The main types are document, key-value, wide-column, and graph. Apache Cassandra, MongoDB, CouchDB, and CouchBase are examples of NoSQL.
Cloud database: It refers to any database that’s designed to run in the cloud. Like other cloud-based applications, cloud databases offer flexibility and scalability, along with high availability. Cloud databases are also often low-maintenance since many are offered via a SaaS model. Microsoft Azure SQL Database, Amazon Relational Database Service, Oracle Autonomous Database are examples of cloud databse..
Technology Stacks- MEAN, MERN, meVn, lamp
- MEAN Stack: MEAN stack development refers to the development process that falls within these particular sets of technologies MongoDB, ExpressJS, Angular, NodeJS.
- MERN Stack: It is is one of several variations of the MEAN stack (MongoDB, Express, Angular, Node), where the traditional Angular frontend framework is replaced with React JS. The main benefit of using MERN is the integration of React and its powerful library and capability to use code simultaneously on servers and browsers.
- LAMP: It is an old classic industry standard when it comes to time-tested web development stacks, which comprises MySQL (Relational Database Management), Linux (Operating System), PHP (Programming Language), and Apache (HTTP server).
Basic design skills
As we’ve made it clear that a Full Stack Developer is concerned with frontend and backend, they must possess fundamental design skills. The knowledge of frontend design is crucial to make a website look attractive and appealing. A website with a neat and user-friendly design always wins the hearts of the users.
Thus, Full Stack Developers must know the basic design principles, including UI & UX design, prototypes, scalability, etc.
It is the system that records changes to a file or multiple files to help you recall the changes later. A developer must be aware of how to separate these files when in the middle of computing. It also helps you enable multiple people to work on the same project simultaneously.
NPM is the package manager explicitly designed for Node.js. It aids in the installation of different packages. It also offers relevant solutions for various dependencies. NPM allows developers to place modules optimally to help the node to find them and manage the dependency conflicts accordingly. NPM is highly configurable, and thus, it is useful for many applications, including the development, publishing, discovery, and installation of node programs.
When you aspire to become a Full Stack Developer, technical skills solely won’t suffice. You must possess the perfect balance of technical knowledge and soft skills. Every Full Stack Developer must have the following soft skills:
- An analytical bent of mind
- Good time management skills
- Curiosity for learning
- Attention to detail
- Creative vision
So, here was the required skills to learn in order to be a full-stack developer. The more you learn, the more you will be able to perform well.
Well, Full Stack Developers are experts who can handle everything related to web development. These Full Stack Developer skills are what distinguishes them from Frontend and Backend Developers.
So, learn these skills and kick start your journey as a full-stack developer. Also, do not forget o share this article.