Want to kickstart your journey as a python developer? Then you are in the right place. Here you’ll get to know the best python web framework to learn in 2021.
Well, first of all, frameworks make developers’ lives easier by offering them a structure for application development. They automate the implementation of common solutions, cutting development time, and allowing developers to focus on application logic instead of routine elements.
Here In this article, we have listed some of the best python web frameworks to learn in 2021. It will be useful on your way to becoming a professional backend developer and improving your existing skillset.
Now, Why Python?
Well, StackOverflow reports that Python is currently at the height of popularity. It’s simple, versatile and a fit for the purpose in areas like web development, data science, DevOps, and more. Also, Python is a choice of many companies, including Netflix, Instagram, and Dropbox among others. Which are highly loaded sites that process millions of user requests per day, and Python is central to sustaining their top-notch performance.
Most often, Python is used in Data Science, Machine Learning, Web Development, Computer Science Education, Computer Vision, and Image Processing, Game Development. Besides, it is considered one of the easiest software languages to learn and master. Also, Python is undoubtedly the best starting language for beginners.
Often named one of the world’s most popular programming languages, Python powers the backend stacks of many startups and is essential in the growing fields of data science and AI. Stack Overflow has recently released the results of their annual developer survey for 2019, which declared Python the fastest-growing major programming language.
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Which one is the best python web framework?
Now, as python is constantly rising, it is necessary to know about the best python web framework to learn in 2021 as well..!! As you can see in the image above, Django is leading the race as it is one of the most used Python frameworks. After them, Flask and Tornado are in following.
Well, it is sure that Django is on the top and it will remain in the leading position in the future as well. But one should not neglect the other rising modern web frameworks for python. Besides, it is not necessary that you go with the flow. While choosing the web framework you need to consider your comfort level, your project requirement, and ease of use.
Now, let’s start the ride..!!
Well, since Django‘s first appearance, it becomes one of the best python web framework. Django comes with almost every battery you may need, making it more suitable for building big applications than small ones.
For many years Django was steady at version 1.x. In 2017, with version 2.0 it dropped compatibility with Python 2 in favor of Python 3.4 and up. Django 3.0, released in December 2019, requires Python 3.6 or better and adds support for the new asynchronous ASGI standard for Python web applications.
A major part of Django’s popularity is deployment speed. Because Django includes so many pieces you need for developing the average web application, you can get moving quickly. Routing, URL parsing, database connectivity including an ORM (object-relational mapper), form validation, attack protection, and templating are all built-in.
Django offers some amazing features:
- Excellent Documentation
- SEO Optimised
- High Scalability
- Versatile in Nature
- Offers High Security
- Thoroughly Tested
- Provides Rapid Development
The main idea behind Flask is to help build a solid web application foundation. From there, you can use any extensions you might need. Flask is chosen for any and all projects. In fact, it’s a default choice for any web project that isn’t a match for Django. Flask’s lightweight and modular design make it easily adaptable to developers’ needs.
Furthermore, it has a number of useful features, such as an integrated development server and a quick debugger, Jinja2 template engine, support for secure cookies, the ability to connect any ORM. In addition, Flask allows the developers to build a solid web application foundation from where it is possible to use any kind of extensions required. The micro-framework is compatible with Google App Engine.
- Built-in development server and a fast debugger
- Integrated support for unit testing
- RESTful request dispatching
- Jinja2 templating
- Secure cookies support (client-side sessions)
- WSGI 1.0 compliance
- Ability to plug in any ORM
- HTTP request handling
Tornado is another micro framework aimed at a specific use case: asynchronous networking applications. Tornado is well-suited for creating services that open a great many network connections and keep them alive that is, anything involving WebSockets or long polling. Moreover, It requires Python 3.5 or higher and drops Python 2 support entirely.
Like Bottle or Falcon, Tornado omits features extraneous to its central purpose. Tornado has a built-in templating system for generating HTML and other output and provides mechanisms for internationalization, form handling, cookie setting, user authentication, and CSRF protection.
Furthermore, Tornado excels at providing infrastructure to apps that need close control over asynchronous networking. For instance, Tornado provides not only a built-in asynchronous HTTP server but also an asynchronous HTTP client. Thus, Tornado is a good choice for building apps, such as a web scraper or a bot, that query other sites in parallel and act on the returned data.
- Built-in support for user authentication
- Real-time services
- High-quality performance
- Python-based web templating language
- Non-blocking HTTP client
- Implementation of third-party authentication and authorization schemes (Google OpenID/OAuth, Facebook Login, Yahoo BBAuth, FriendFeed OpenID/OAuth, Twitter OAuth)
- Support for translation and localization
As the name suggests, FastAPI is built to create API endpoints quickly, and it runs fast too. It makes use of the Starlette project for its high-speed networking core, but you don’t need to know about Starlette’s internals to use FastAPI. You define endpoints in much the same manner as a Flask or Bottle app—use decorators to indicate which functions handle which routes—and then return dictionaries that are translated automatically into JSON.
You can easily override how things are returned. For instance, if you want to return HTML/XML from some endpoints, you can do that by simply returning a custom
Response object. If you want to add custom middleware, you can pop in anything that follows the ASGI standard.
Developers can develop the Python backend framework any way they need, however, it was designed for applications that are open-ended. Besides, Flask has been used by big companies, which include LinkedIn and Pinterest. Compared to Django, Flask is best suited for small and easy projects. Thus, you can expect web server development, support for Google App Engine as well as in-built unit testing.
- Increase in development speed by 200% to 300%
- Reduced errors by 40%
- Less time debugging
- Minimization of code duplication
- Automatic interactive documentation
Asynchronous framework AIOHTTP is a Python framework that relies heavily on Python 3.5+ features, such as async & awaits. it makes use of Python’s asyncio library and is thus an asynchronous framework. In addition to being a server web framework, AIOHTTP can also serve as a client framework. Also, It provides a request object and router to enable the redirection of queries to functions developed to handle the same. Besides, the aiohttp package also supports Server WebSockets and Client WebSockets.
- Supports both client and server-side of the HTTP protocol.
- Supports both client and server Web-Sockets out-of-the-box and avoids Callback Hell.
- Provides Web-server with middlewares and pluggable routing.
Django REST framework is a powerful and flexible toolkit for building Web APIs. Besides, It is a flexible and fully-featured toolkit with modular and customizable architecture that makes possible the development of both simple, turn-key API endpoints and complicated REST constructs. In addition, it contains a wide set of out-of-the-box features. Also, the core view class is very simple and the framework, in general, is easy to use.
Furthermore, the main idea behind the DRF is to clearly divide a model, the generalized wire representation (e.g. JSON, XML, etc.), and also a set of generic Class-Based-Views that can be customized to satisfy the specific API endpoint using Serializer that describes the mapping between them. Moreover, the Django REST Framework includes a built-in API browser for testing out newly developed API. Besides, it allows the flexibility to extend and customize the framework’s tools according to the programmer’s demands that greatly reduces development time. The Django REST framework is used by such giants as Mozilla and Eventbrite.
- The Web browsable API is a huge usability win for your developers.
- Authentication policies including packages for OAuth1a and OAuth2.
- Serialization that supports both ORM and non-ORM data sources.
- Customizable all the way down – just use regular function-based views if you don’t need the more powerful features.
- Extensive documentation, and great community support.
- Generic classes for CRUD operations.
- HTTP response handling, content type negotiation using HTTP Accept headers.
There are Some other frameworks AS FOLLOWING:
So, in this article, The best python web framework to learn in 2021, we have listed down some of the major web frameworks. Each framework has its own importance and features. Although, you must select the right one on the basis of your project need and requirement. As frameworks are the foundation of web development. Choosing one largely depends on the type of app you intend to develop.
Now, if we go with the trends, Django and Flask are the top Python frameworks so far. Among which, Django is the most used. Well, Django and Flask represent two major categories of frameworks: full-stack frameworks and micro frameworks (sometimes called non-full-stack), respectively.
If you need to develop a feature-rich system, it’s best to choose one of the full-stack frameworks. A micro-framework is a good choice for small and mid-sized projects, prototyping, and learning the structure of frameworks.
So, be careful while choosing the framework. Do tell us which one is your pick in the comment section below.